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Ending the Violence & Inequality: Learn more about Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls in Canada

Did you know that an Indigenous woman in Canada is more than three times likely to experience violence than a non-Indigenous woman? Canada’s Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls is a human rights issue that must be addressed. 

Our panel discussion, moderated by award-winning journalist Brandi Morin, speaks to lived experience and ways we can all confront and end violence and inequality waged against Indigenous women and girls. Panelists Nahanni Fontaine, Stephanie Harpe and Josie Nepinak bring forth a collective knowledge and wisdom that is powerful and inspiring. 

This speakers’ panel is part of YWCA Edmonton’s 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence. This international campaign runs annually from November 25, International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, to December 10, World Human Rights Day; it is designed to raise awareness of gender-based violence as a human rights issue and to strengthen local work around violence in our own communities.

Background Resource List

Government Reports & Policy Papers

Aboriginal women and family violence. (2008). Ottawa, Ontario: National Clearinghouse on Family Violence

Action plan to address family violence and violent crimes against Aboriginal women and girls (2014). Ottawa, Ontario

Alternative Report to the U.N. Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. (2017).Kahnawake, Québec: National Aboriginal Circle Against Family Violence and Quebec Native Women Inc.

Krug, E. G. (2002). World report on violence and health: Summary. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2002.

McKay, C. (2017) ANANGOSH: Legal Information Manual for Shelter Workers. Ottawa, Ontario: National Aboriginal Circle against Family Violence.

No more stolen sisters: The need for a comprehensive response to discrimination and violence against Indigenous women in Canada. (2015). London, United Kingdom: Amnesty International, 2009.

Researched to death: B.C. Aboriginal women and violence (2012). Vancouver, B.C: Ending Violence Association of BC, 2005 (Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Electronic Library, 2012).

Stolen sisters: A human rights response to discrimination and violence against Indigenous women in Canada. (2004). Ottawa, Ontario: Amnesty International Canada, 2004.

Stout, M. D. (1996). Family Violence in Aboriginal Communities: The Missing Peace

Violence against Indigenous women and girls in Canada: A summary of Amnesty International’s concerns and call to action. (2014). London, United Kingdom: Amnesty International, 2009.

Suggested Readings

Aikau, H. K., Arvin, M., Goeman, M., & Morgensen, S. (2015). Indigenous feminisms roundtable University of Nebraska Press.

Baird-Olson, K., & Ward, C. (2000). “Recovery and resistance: The renewal of traditional spirituality among American Indian women.” American Indian Culture and Research Journal 24(4): 1-35.

Billson, J.M. (1995). Keepers of the Culture: The Power of Tradition in Women’s Lives.  New York: Lexington Books.

Castillo, R. A. (2010). Comparative perspectives symposium: Indigenous feminisms.Signs: Journal of Women in Culture & Society, 35(3), 539-545.

Castillo, R. Aida Hernandez. (2002). “Zapatismo and the Emergence of Indigenous Feminism.” NACLA Report on the Americas 35, no. 6: 39.

Chilisa, B., & Ntseane, G. (2010). Resisting dominant discourses: Implications of Indigenous, African feminist theory and methods for gender and education research.Gender & Education, 22(6), 617-632.

Cunningham, M. (2006). “Indigenous Women’s Visions of an Inclusive Feminism.” Development 49, no. 1: 55-59.

Fredericks, B. (2008). Researching with aboriginal women as an aboriginal woman researcher. Australian Feminist Studies, 23(55), 113-129.

Gray, M., Agllias, K., Schubert, L., & Boddy, J. (2015). Doctoral research from a feminist perspective: Acknowledging, advancing and aligning women’s experience. Qualitative Social Work, 14(6), 758-775.

Green, J. A. (2017). Making space for indigenous feminism (Second ed.). Black Point, Nova Scotia: Fernwood Publishing.

Ingram, S. (2016). Silent drivers / driving silence – aboriginal women’s voices on domestic violence. Social Alternatives, 35(1), 6-12.

Jeffries, M. (2015). Re-membering our own power: Occaneechi activism, feminism, and political action theories. Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies, 36(1), 160-195.

Kenny, C. (2006). When the women heal: Aboriginal women speak about policies to improve the quality of life. American Behavioral Scientist, 50(4), 550-561.

Leigh, D. (2009). Colonialism, gender and the family in North America: For a gendered analysis of indigenous struggles. Studies in Ethnicity & Nationalism, 9(1), 70-88.

Lindberg, T. (2004). “Not My Sister: What Feminists Can Learn about Sisterhood from Indigenous Women.” Canadian Journal of Women & the Law 16, no. 2: 342-352.

Marcos, S. (2009). Mesoamerican women’s indigenous spirituality. Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion (Indiana University Press), 25(2), 25-45.

Meranto, O. J. (2001). From buckskin to calico and back again: An historical interpretation of American Indian feminism. New Political Science, 23(3), 333-349.

Miller, C. and P. Chuchryk, eds.  (1997). Women of the First Nations:  power, wisdom, and strength.  Winnipeg:  University of Manitoba Press.

Mouchref, M. (2016). Representations of indigenous feminism and social change. Cultural Intertexts, 5, 88-101.

Napoleon, Val. (2007). “Aboriginal Feminism in a Wider Frame.” Canadian Dimension 41, no. 3: 44.

Olsen, T. A. (2017). Gender and/in indigenous methodologies: On trouble and harmony in indigenous studies. Ethnicities, 17(4), 509-525.

Pillai, S. (2013). Indigenous roots of feminism: Culture, subjectivity and agency.Contemporary South Asia, 21(4), 470-471.

Ramirez, R. (2007). Race, tribal nation, and gender: A native feminist approach to belonging. Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism, 7(2), 22-40.

Smandych, R. and Gloria Lee. (1995). “Women, Colonization and Resistance:  Elements of an Amerindian Autohistorical Approach to the Study of Law and Colonialism.” Native Studies Review10, no.1.

Smith, A, and K. J. Kēhauliani. (2008). “Native Feminisms Engage American Studies.” American Quarterly 60, no. 2: 241-249.

Suzack, C. (2015). Indigenous feminisms in Canada. NORA: Nordic Journal of Women’s Studies, 23(4), 261-274.

Waters, A. (2003). Introduction: Special issue on ‘native American women, feminism, and indigenism’. Hypatia, 18(2), ix.